Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Sub-series CR: These items consist, for the most part, of several different series of letter books containing, Clive's mainly outgoing correspondence. They cover the years 1752-1759, 1765-1767, and 1767-1774, and pertain, respectively, to his first, second and third (and last) periods of residence in India (including the capture of Calcutta, the battle of Plassey and his first and second governorships of Bengal) and his return to and final years in England. The sub-series also contains indexes and registers of correspondence, letters in Persian and other unbound correspondence. | Related papers: Complementary incoming correspondence is at the British Library MSS Eur G 37. | Finding aid: An index to the letter books covering Clive's second governorship of Bengal, 1765 to 1767, is CR7/1). | Language: English, Persian, French, Marathi, Bengali. | Arrangement: In twelve documents: letter books of general letters to Europe and within India, country letter books, Europe letter books, letter books of letters within England to various individuals, letter books of letters within England to the Company directors, India Letter Books, letter books of letters from England to India, indexes/lists of correspondence, registers of Country correspondence letters received and sent, Persian letters, notebooks of letters sent within India, minutes of Country correspondence, and miscellaneous correspondence. | Extent: 39 vols., 5 envelopes/bundles, 2 boxes.

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View Metadata | Search Collection | Ref No. : 71589-1CR | Holder Of Originals: National Library of Wales

Browsing 1-10 of 12 result(s) in Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Letter books of general letters to Europe and within India, 1756-1759

CR1 | Scope and content: Containing general letters (mostly public but some private) from Clive to correspondents in Europe but mainly within India, which in the latter case refers to Europeans (chiefly British, some French) as opposed to native Indians. They derive from his second period of residence in India, 1756-1760, when he returned as a lieutenant-colonel and held the positions of deputy-governor of Fort St David, and governor, for the first time, of Bengal. There are also some letters from Clive's aides and associates. | Contents list: CR1/1) 1756Jan 31 Oct 7; CR1/2) Letters to Europe and within India, 1756, Oct 11-757, April 16; CR1/3) 1757, Jan 8-1759, Oct 11, 1914; CR1/4) 1757, March, 20-April 27; CR1/5) 1757, April 4-June 11; CR1/6) 1757, June 15-July 17; CR1/7) 1757, June 27-1758, July 15; CR1/8) 1757, July 2-1758, Dec 30; CR1/9) 1757, July 19-Dec 19; CR1/10) 1758, June 21-1759, Jan 31; CR1/11) 1759, Feb 25-June 12.

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Country letter books, 1765-1767

CR2 | Scope and content: Letter books containing letters sent mainly by Clive within India (but including some from H.S., i.e. Henry Strachey, his secretary) during his third and final period there including his second governorship of Bengal, 1765-1767. The wide range of subject matter provides information about the country's internal politics, the civil and military aspects of Clive's duties as governor and various other matters including Clive's own private concerns (e.g. his interest in diamonds) and the personal fortunes of company servants. The correspondents include Sir Robert Barker, General John Carnac, Sir Robert Fletcher, Ralph Leycester, Robert Palk, John Pybus, Colonel Richard Smith, William Sumner, Sir Francis Sykes and Henry Verelst of whom the three latter with Carnac formed Clive's Select Committee at Calcutta. | Contents list: CR2/1) 1765, May-June 9;CR2/2) 1765, June 10-July 8; CR2/3) 1765, July 8-Aug 28; CR2/4) 1765, Sept 3-Oct 25; CR2/5) 1765, Oct 28-Dec 20; CR2/6) 1757, June 15-July 17; CR2/7) 1766, April 12-May 4; CR2/8) 1766, May 4-15; CR2/9) 1766, May 16-30; CR2/10) 1766, May 31-June 16; CR2/11) 1766, June 16-July 7; CR2/12) 1766, July 7-Aug 3; CR2/13) 1766, Aug 4-Sept 10; CR2/14) 1766, Sept 10-Oct 4; CR2/15) 1766, Oct 6-24; CR2/16) 1766, Oct 25-1767, Jan 24.

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Europe letter book, 1765

CR3 | Scope and content: According to the index volume CR7/1 this is the only surviving volume of a series of five Europe letter books, A-E. It contains letters of both a public and private nature (but mainly the former) sent by Clive at Calcutta to Europe during his second governorship of Bengal. The correspondents include George Dudley, John Walsh, Thomas Rous, Lord Grenville, the Earl of Halifax, Sir Matthew Featherstonhaugh, Luke Scrafton, Joseph Fowke, Joseph Salvador, Robert Orme, and William Smyth King. In the main the letters contain relate to the East India Company's affairs in India and at home with regard to its revenues, the grant to the Company of the diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, the trade in salt, betel nut and tobacco, Clive's civil and military reforms and his settlement with Shuja-ud-daula, and the Nawab of Oudh. Clive also gives his frank views of the Company directorship (p.40), of individual directors e.g. Laurence Sulivan in whose defeat at the election of directors in 1765 he could not 'but rejoice exceedingly'(p.16). and of Mr. Sumner, a member of his Select Committee in Calcutta as his proposed successor in Bengal (pp.6-8). | Related units: Letters to Europe during Clive's second period in India including his first governorship of Benga1, 1756-1760, are in CR1. | Extent: 1 folio pamphlet. | Contents List: CR3/1) 1765, Sept 25-Oct 1.

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Letter books of letters from England to various individuals, 1767-1774

CR4 | Scope and content: Letter books containing letters from Clive written principally during his final years in England from 1767 to 1774 although there are some addressed from Europe which he visited between January and September 1768. For the most part they are addressed to various individuals in England but with the occasional letter to India and elsewhere. The varied nature of the letters reflects both Clive's own personal and domestic concerns and his continuing interest in Indian affairs after leaving Bengal. | Arrangement: Chronological. | Extent: 2 vols. | Contents List: CR4/1) 1767, July 21-Nov 22; CR4/2) 1767, Oct 16-1774, Oct 20.

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Letter books of letters from England to East India Company directors, 1767-1774

CR5 | Scope and content: Letters written by Clive mainly during his last years in England, 1767-1774, but also whilst he was touring Europe in 1768, to the Company's Court of Directors. They allude to the Company's affairs in Bengal and his own professional and personal concerns arising from his service there. | Arrangement: Chronological. | Extent: 2 vols. | Contents List: CR5/1) 1767, Aug 28-1773, Jan 2; CR5/2) 1773, Jan 20-1774, June 17.

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Letter books of letters from England to India, 1767-1773

CR6 | Scope and content: Letters, 1767-1773, from Clive in England and France to India. The subject matter ranges from Company affairs and Clive's continuing interests in Bengal and in events in England. | Arrangement: Chronological. | Extent: 2 vols. | Contents List: CR6/1) 1767, Oct 16-1769, Feb 10; CR6/2) 1769, Feb 10-1773, Nov 24.

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Index/list of correspondence, 1765-1767

CR7 | Scope and content: Index and list of Clive's letter books and loose correspondence deriving from his second governorship of Bengal, 1765-1767. | Extent: 2 vols. | Contents List: CR7/1) Index of correspondents, 1765-1767; CR7/2) List of letters received, 1765-1767.

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Register of country correspondence received and sent, 1756-1758

CR8 | Scope and content: A register which appears to relate to a series of 'Country correspondence' some of which are in CR9. It contains abstracts, copies and translations of the 538 letters exchanged between Clive and the Indian rulers from his arrival in Bengal in 1756 until his appointment as governor in 1758. The period of the register saw the recapture of Calcutta (Jan 1757), the capture of Chandernagore from the French (March 1757), the true and fictitious treaty with Mir Jafar (May 1757) and the battle of Plassey (June 1757). | Extent: 1 vol. | Contents List: CR8/1) 1756, Dec 15-1758, June 30

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Letters in Persian, 1756-1774

CR9 | Scope and content: Original 'country correspondence' from native Indian rulers and others notables, covering both Clive's first (1756-1760) and second (1765-1766) governorships of Bengal. In terms of content, a significant proportion is concerned with political and military affairs principally in Bengal, but also across the Mughal Empire more generally. In addition there are numerous references to regional trade and taxation, as well as letters entreating Clive to grant pardons or preferment. Much of this correspondence was translated at the time and then recorded, together with the text of Clive's replies, surviving either in original (CR8/1, 1756-1758) and transcribed (CC2/1-CC4/6, 1758-1760) letter books, or else organised as 'minutes'(CR11/1, 1765-1766). | Language: The letters are chiefly in Persian but with a few items in other languages, including Bengali and Marathi. | Arrangement: Chronological. | Extent: Over 1,000 letters, mostly with their envelopes, and many with enclosures.

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Notebook of letters sent within India, 1765

CR10 | Scope and content: A notebook, 1765, from the first months of Clive s second governorship of Bengal containing notes of letters/communications relating mainly to the governorship sent by him within India. | Extent: 1 vol. | Contents List: CR10/1) 1765, May 13-June 25.

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