Annual Departmental Reports relating to Kenya, 1907-1964

Annual Departmental Reports relating to Kenya, 1907-1964

Annual Departmental Reports relating to Kenya, 1907-1964

British administration in part of the territory which later came to be known as Kenya was first established by the Imperial British East Africa Company in the 1880s. It was not until 1895 that a British protectorate under the Crown known as the East Africa Protectorate, including both the ten mile deep coastal strip on lease from the Sultan of Zanzibar and the interior, came into existence. Then, in 1920, the Protectorate, apart from the coastal strip, was annexed as the Colony of Kenya; the coastal strip was re-named the Protectorate of Kenya. This constitutional change, however, did not affect the general administration of the territory, which continued to be governed as one unit with little or no perceptible change in policies following directly from the new status. On the 12th December 1963, the Colony and Protectorate of Kenya attained independence.

The apex of the governmental organization in the territory was the Governor, who was responsible to the Secretary of State (and through him to the Imperial Parliament) for all aspects of government for the territory. From 1906 there was a Legislative Council, but, until 1948, the Government had a majority on it. Between 1906 and 1948 the Governor remained (subject to the control exercised by the Secretary of State for the Colonies) an absolute ruler, responsible for all the functions of government. These functions were, and continued to be, operated by civil servants on a departmental basis.

The head of each department was required to submit annual reports on the activities and progress of his department during the course of the preceding year. These reports provide valuable and detailed information as to the development of the territory's administrative, professional and technical services, which is obtainable from no other source. The Blue Books for Kenya give an overall picture and, indeed, draw to a large extent on these departmental reports for the information provided; but, do not include the level of data present here.

The contents of this collection have been re-arranged as necessary in order to create documents of a practicable size. Re-arrangement has been along thematic lines so that, for example, reports upon policing and finger printing have been combined into one document which covers both. The information for this description was derived, in part, from the guide to the microfilm edition written by Dr Henry F. Morris.

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View Metadata | Search Collection | Ref No. : 9781851173228 | Holder Of Originals: British Foreign & Commonwealth Office

Browsing 1-10 of 10 result(s) in Annual Departmental Reports relating to Kenya, 1907-1964

Administration, 1924-1963

These records cover both governor-based colonial rule and government by the Council of State. Their contents contain a clear focus on the Department for Native Affairs, supplemented by reports from the...

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Finance, 1910-1964

Assorted estimates of revenue and expenditure, accompanied by audit reports and other records regarding Kenya's public accounts. Financial Reports also feature, alongside those upon income tax and earnings.

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Police and Judicial, 1918-1963

These items record details of the judicial process in Kenya, from arrest and finger printing, to the courts and prison, before concluding with reports on the probation service.

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Natural Resources, 1907-1964

Kenya contains a variety of natural resources, these resources led to the growth of numerous industries within the colony; from agriculture to mining and fishing to forestry. The range of resources...

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Social Services, 1920-1964

The definition of social services is, on this occasion, a flexible one. Reports upon education and the Medical Department might conventionally be associated with social services. In this instance, reports upon...

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Transport and Public Works, 1910-1964

The primary focus for these reports is upon the Railways of East Africa and Uganda. Air travel and roads are also reported upon, alongside public works, though in rather less detail....

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Communications and Post Office Savings, 1910-1963

The Post Office in Kenya was core to colonial communication, providing both the postal and the telegraph service. The fact that the Post Office also provided savings bank services only increased...

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Commerce, 1917-1963

The majority of this content relates to trade, with substantial reports providing a detailed depiction of trade's contribution to the Kenyan economy between 1917 and 1963. Reports upon co-operative societies, industrial...

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Corporations and Boards, 1950-1964

These industrial boards were both formed in order to support industry. The Meat Commission worked with farmers to sell their produce, while the Industrial Research Board examined new ways to support...

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Miscellaneous, 1907-1964

The most prominent reports in this selection cover either the weather or official statistics in general. Migration and culture also receive some coverage, alongside reports on local government.

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