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THE INDIAN PAPERS OF COLONEL CLIVE AND BRIGADIER-GENERAL CARNAC, 1752-1774

The Indian papers of Colonel Clive and Brigadier-General Carnac, 1752-1774

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The Indian papers of Colonel Clive and Brigadier-General Carnac, 1752-1774

The papers of two leading actors in the East India Company in mid-18th century Bengal from the National Library of Wales. Chiefly in English, but with an array of original correspondence with local figures in Indo-Persian and occasionally Bengali, Marathi and Tamil, this collection allows researchers to understand the complex political web in the subcontinent as the power of the Mughal Empire began to wane.

Essential for those studying the life and career of Robert Clive (1725-1774), a man who stands in the very first rank of historical figures, this resource is also of the greatest importance to anyone exploring the often hotly debated events that preceded, accompanied and followed the establishment of Britain's Indian empire during the mid-18th century, especially the periods 1756-1760 and 1765-1766. By reproducing in full Clive's English and Persian correspondence, it is possible to compare firsthand Indian and European accounts of Clive's resounding victory in 1757 at Plassey over the superior French-backed force of the Nawab of Bengal in the aftermath of the notorious 'Black Hole of Calcutta' incident; of the conclusive routing of the Dutch in 1759; or of the ill-fated career of Clive's chief administrator of revenues, Maharaja Nandakumara, including supplementary material on his trial and execution in 1775 for forgery drawn from the 1st Earl of Minto's papers at National Library of Scotland.

First an officer in the EIC's private army, and then later twice governor of Bengal, Clive was the leading actor in the political and military events of the 1750s and 1760s that served to lay the foundations of the British Raj. But he was also a highly controversial figure who, during an often troubled lifetime, attracted much unwanted attention from the public, Parliament and the press. Many in Britain came to revile him and, tainted by accusations of corruption and the abuse of power in India, he was condemned for spending his enormous private fortune on houses, estates and possessions, acquired in an attempt to carve out an elevated position for his family in English landed society. Even in death Clive remained controversial, with many believing that he committed suicide in 1774 at the age of 49.

Originally part of the Clive family's Powis estate, these immensely rich and varied papers facilitate close study of a highly complex and enigmatic man, as well as the contested origins of Britain's Indian empire. In addition the papers contain invaluable material on the economic, social and political history of Britain during the 18th century.

Complementing our understanding of this turning point in the history of British power in South Asia, are some 2,000 items of John Carnac's correspondence. Carnac joined the EIC army with the rank of Captain in 1758, after his service with the 39th infantry regiment. As Commander-in-Chief between 1760 and 1761, he fought and defeated the French-supported forces of the Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II, near Bihar. Made Brigadier-General in 1764, Carnac again assumed command, defeating the Marathas in 1765 before handing control back later that year to Robert Clive. This correspondece's emphasis on the years between 1763 and 1766 helps to fill the gap in events during Clive's absence from India between March 1760 and April 1765, when he returned to Britain. At the same time, the collection amplifies our understanding of Clive's third and final tour of duty, providing an opportunity to contrast how two senior British figures set about implementing the EIC's new approach, combining commercial with growing political power.

Accompanied by a guide introduced by Huw Bowen, Swansea University.

REF. NO.

9781851171859

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HOLDER OF ORIGINALS

National Library of Wales

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BROWSING 1-10 OF 18 RESULT(S) IN THE INDIAN PAPERS OF COLONEL CLIVE AND BRIGADIER-GENERAL CARNAC, 1752-1774

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Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Original correspondence, 1752-1774

Sub-series CR: These items consist, for the most part, of several different series of letter books containing, Clive's mainly outgoing correspondence. They cover the years 1752-1759, 1765-1767, and 1767-1774, and... (more...)

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Contemporary transcripts [of correspondence, 1756-1760]

Contemporary transcripts [of correspondence, 1756-1760]

Sub-series CC: Contemporary transcripts of Clive's correspondence during his second period in India (the originals of which do not appear to have survived) comprising transcripts of his private letters, 1756-1760, and... (more...)

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India financial papers, 1752-1774

India financial papers, 1752-1774

Sub-series CF: Accounts of Clive's personal and official finances both in India and England, buy mainly in the former. The distinction, however, is not always clear since both his foreign and... (more...)

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Civil administration of Bengal papers, 1758-1766

Civil administration of Bengal papers, 1758-1766

Sub-series CA: Official papers which, although not extensive, reflect Clive's involvement in the civil administration of Bengal. They include papers relating to revenue collection, population statistics, currency reform and trade.... (more...)

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Military administration of Bengal papers, [c.1750s]-1771

Military administration of Bengal papers, [c.1750s]-1771

Sub-series CB: Clive's military service with the Company dates from the French capture of Madras in September 1746 two years after his arrival in India. Following his first commission in 1747... (more...)

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Papers of the Calcutta Council and its committees, 1757-1768

Papers of the Calcutta Council and its committees, 1757-1768

Sub-series CSA: The council's official title was the Council of Fort William, Calcutta, of which Clive, as Governor of Bengal, was the ex officio president. In 1766, during Clive's second... (more...)

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Records of the Calcutta mayor

Records of the Calcutta mayor's court, [c.1765]-1766

Sub-series: CSB Mayors' courts were established by royal charter to strengthen the administration of British justice in the Company's various settlements in India, the court at Calcutta having been established... (more...)

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East India Company records, 1752-1772

East India Company records, 1752-1772

Sub-series CD: The Company was incorporated by letters patent of Queen Elizabeth I in 1600 and was finally dissolved in 1874 although it had effectively ceased to function in 1858 when... (more...)

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Jagir papers, 1758-1767

Jagir papers, 1758-1767

Sub-series CE: The jagir was the annuity of 300,000 rupees or £27,000 granted to Clive in 1759 by Mir Jafar, the Nawab of Bengal, as a reward for his services in... (more...)

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Acquired India papers, 1727-[c.1763]

Acquired India papers, 1727-[c.1763]

Sub-series CG: The papers of Company servants who served before and during Clive's time in India comprising the journals of Henry Harnett, 1727-1729, ledgers of Henry Harnett, 1727, voyage journals of... (more...)

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